Fusion Torch

Fusion 1998

FUSION TORCH 1998

The Tokamak concept was proven to be the best fusion research device, and by 1998 devices were within
one order of magnitude of the Lawson break even criterion.l This was an improvement of 4 orders of
magnitude. The experimental devices operating in 1998 also had closed the temperature gap of two orders
of magnitude and were operating at the requisite 200 million degrees. In addition to magnetic fusion
devices, a new and robust approach in which lasers imploded pellets was developed. A variety of other
magnetic fusion devices continued to be developed.

 

LIGHT FROM A TOKAMAK
FUSION PLASMA

Plasma Light output was described in the
1969 Fusion Torch paper as potentially
useful. By 1998, plasma televisions were
being developed

STATUS OF FUSION PLASMA ELEMENT SEPARATION 

RESEARCH HANFORD TANK WASTE-LVPP


A representative of the DOE, Dr. Bennet Miller, approached Dr.                               
Eastlund in 1995 and asked him to investigate the use of a
Fusion Torch to separate the elements in the Nuclear waste
stored  in million gallon underground storage tanks at
Hanford, Washington. Dr. Eastlund invented a Large Volume
Plasma Processor ( LVPP) for solving the Hanford problem. It
would have the following benefits if applied to the Hanford
waste problem:                     

ECONOMIST ARTICLE

 Make processing practical

 Much lower processing costs,

 No need to characterize the tank materials,

 Lower radioactive inventory in process flow streams

 Simplification of the system “plumbing” (complexity),

• No additional materials added to the process

 Elimination of most low level waste

 


The LVPP technology is described in three U. S. Patents:

1. Bernard J. Eastlund, "Method and Apparatus for Improving the Energy Efficiency for Separating the Elements in a
Complex Substance such as Radioactive Waste with a Large Volume Plasma Processor", U. S. Patent No.
5,868,909, February 29, 1999.

2. Bernard J. Eastlund, "Method and Apparatus for Ionizing All the Elements in a Complex Substance such as
Radioactive Waste and Separating Some of the Elements from the Other Elements", U. S. Patent No. 5,681,434, Oct.
28, 1997.

3. Bernard J. Eastlund, "Method and Apparatus for a Large Volume Plasma Processor that can Utilize any Feedstock
Material", U. S. Patent No. 5,630,880

STATUS OF LOW TEMPERATURE PLASMA APPLICATIONS
Industrial plasma applications proliferated after 1969. The Coalition for Plasma
Science has an excellent description of many of the applications.

 

MARKETING OF FUSION PLASMAS


Dr. Eastlund helped develop commercial applications for light emitting microwave plasmas when he
founded Fusion Systems Corporation in 1971. Microwave plasmas had been one of the
approaches to fusion power under investigation at ORNL. He related these experiences, along with
insights into how to write and develop a business plan in an article entitled "A Market Oriented
Approach to Fusion Technology" published in "Journal of Fusion Energy", Vol. 12, No. 4 1993.

 

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