The Tokamak concept was proven to be the best fusion research device, and by 1998 devices were within
one order of magnitude of the Lawson break even criterion.l This was an improvement of 4 orders of
magnitude. The experimental devices operating in 1998 also had closed the temperature gap of two orders
of magnitude and were operating at the requisite 200 million degrees. In addition to magnetic fusion
devices, a new and robust approach in which lasers imploded pellets was developed. A variety of other
magnetic fusion devices continued to be developed.
LIGHT FROM A TOKAMAK
Plasma Light output was described in the
1969 Fusion Torch paper as potentially
useful. By 1998, plasma televisions were
STATUS OF FUSION PLASMA ELEMENT SEPARATION
RESEARCH HANFORD TANK WASTE-LVPP
A representative of the DOE, Dr. Bennet Miller, approached Dr.
Eastlund in 1995 and asked him to investigate the use of a
Fusion Torch to separate the elements in the Nuclear waste
stored in million gallon underground storage tanks at
Hanford, Washington. Dr. Eastlund invented a Large Volume
Plasma Processor ( LVPP) for solving the Hanford problem. It
would have the following benefits if applied to the Hanford
• Make processing practical
• Much lower processing costs,
• No need to characterize the tank materials,
• Lower radioactive inventory in process flow streams
• Simplification of the system “plumbing” (complexity),
• No additional materials added to the process
• Elimination of most low level waste
The LVPP technology is described in three U. S. Patents:
1. Bernard J. Eastlund, "Method and Apparatus for Improving the Energy Efficiency for Separating the Elements in a
Complex Substance such as Radioactive Waste with a Large Volume Plasma Processor", U. S. Patent No.
5,868,909, February 29, 1999.
2. Bernard J. Eastlund, "Method and Apparatus for Ionizing All the Elements in a Complex Substance such as
Radioactive Waste and Separating Some of the Elements from the Other Elements", U. S. Patent No. 5,681,434, Oct.
3. Bernard J. Eastlund, "Method and Apparatus for a Large Volume Plasma Processor that can Utilize any Feedstock
Material", U. S. Patent No. 5,630,880